Unemployment Rate

All India Unemployment
Rural Unemployment
Urban Employment

Unemployment occurs when a person who is actively searching for employment is unable to find work. Unemployment and under-employment have been a long-standing problem in the Indian economy. 

Types of Unemployment in India

  • Disguised Unemployment: More people are employed than actually needed. It is primarily traced in the agricultural and the unorganised sectors of India.
  • Seasonal Unemployment: Unemployment that occurs during certain seasons of the year. Agricultural labourers in India rarely have work throughout the year.
  • Structural Unemployment: Unemployment arising from the mismatch between the jobs available in the market and the skills of the available workers in the market. Many people in India do not get job due to lack of requisite skills and due to poor education level, it becomes difficult to train them.
  • Cyclical Unemployment: It is result of the business cycle, where unemployment rises during recessions and declines with economic growth. Cyclical unemployment figures in India are negligible. It is a phenomenon that is mostly found in capitalist economies.
  • Technological Unemployment: It is loss of jobs due to changes in technology. In 2016, World Bank data predicted that the proportion of jobs threatened by automation in India is 69% year-on-year.
  • Frictional Unemployment: The Frictional Unemployment also called as Search Unemployment, refers to the time lag between the jobs when an individual is searching for a new job or is switching between the jobs.
  • Vulnerable Employment: This means, people working informally, without proper job contracts and thus sans any legal protection. These persons are deemed ‘unemployed’ since records of their work are never maintained. It is one of the main types of unemployment in India.

Unemployment occurs when a person who is actively searching for employment is unable to find work. Unemployment and under-employment have been a long-standing problem in the Indian economy. 

Types of Unemployment in India

  • Disguised Unemployment: More people are employed than actually needed. It is primarily traced in the agricultural and the unorganised sectors of India.
  • Seasonal Unemployment: Unemployment that occurs during certain seasons of the year. Agricultural labourers in India rarely have work throughout the year.
  • Structural Unemployment: Unemployment arising from the mismatch between the jobs available in the market and the skills of the available workers in the market. Many people in India do not get job due to lack of requisite skills and due to poor education level, it becomes difficult to train them.
  • Cyclical Unemployment: It is result of the business cycle, where unemployment rises during recessions and declines with economic growth. Cyclical unemployment figures in India are negligible. It is a phenomenon that is mostly found in capitalist economies.
  • Technological Unemployment: It is loss of jobs due to changes in technology. In 2016, World Bank data predicted that the proportion of jobs threatened by automation in India is 69% year-on-year.
  • Frictional Unemployment: The Frictional Unemployment also called as Search Unemployment, refers to the time lag between the jobs when an individual is searching for a new job or is switching between the jobs.
  • Vulnerable Employment: This means, people working informally, without proper job contracts and thus sans any legal protection. These persons are deemed ‘unemployed’ since records of their work are never maintained. It is one of the main types of unemployment in India.
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SUBJECT Variables
This page contains data on Unemployment Rate in India - values for nationwide, rural and urban employment, including expert analysis and comparison with global peers.
Unemployment Rate | India | 2016 - 2024 | Data, Charts and Analysis
Unemployment Rate in India - nationwide, state-wise, rural and urban employment, and comparison with global peers.
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01/04/2016 To 30/04/2024
All India Unemployment
Rural Unemployment
Urban Employment
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All India Unemployment
Rural Unemployment
Urban Employment
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CMIE

Established in 1976, Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) is a leading business information company functioning primarily as an independent think tank. The unemployment rates are produced by CMIE using its Consumer Pyramids Household Survey machinery. It includes only those who are unemployed, are willing to work and are actively looking for jobs in its use of the unemployment rate, as it is more relevant and yields a lower unemployment rate.

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All India (Rural + Urban) Unemployment
Source: CMIE | Age: 15+ years
  • The all-India unemployment level increased to 8.1% in April 2024 from 7.6% a month ago.
  • The annual all-India unemployment level in 2023-24 rose to 8.2% from 7.6% in 2022-23
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Rural Unemployment Rate
Source: CMIE | Age: 15+ years
Urban Unemployment Rate
Source: CMIE | Age: 15+ years
  • Unemployment levels was more pronounced in urban India than in rural areas in Apr'24. The unemployment level in urban India was recorded at 8.7% in April 2024 while rural unemployment was recorded at 7.8% 
  • The annual rural unemployment level in 2023-24 rose to 7.4% from 7.1% in 2022-23
  • The annual urban unemployment level in 2023-24 dropped marginally to 8.% from 8.5% in 2022-23 
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PERIODIC LABOUR FORCE SURVEY (PLFS)

PLFS, conducted by the Ministry of Statistics & Implementation (MoSPI), is India's first computer-based survey which gives estimates of key employment and unemployment indicators like the labour force participation rate, worker population ratio, proportion unemployed and unemployment rate in rural and urban households.

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